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Teacup Pomeranians

If you are looking for a small, cute dog for your home, then 'teacup' Pomeranians are the latest rage. But, technically, it is not a registered breed. They are just an experiment-became-successful (or not so successful, from the health-issues point of view) for those who are obsessed with the tiny, cute small-dog concept!
Technically, there is no such thing as a teacup Pomeranian! Tiny Pomeranians bred with other tiny Pomeranians produce "teacup" Pomeranians! This is not a separate breed, and is neither recognized nor approved by the AKC.
Now that we got that out of the way, let's find out some more things about these tiny, fluffy bundles. Teacup Pomeranians are toy dogs. Since this is not technically a 'defined' breed, there are no definite specifications about their size, weight, health, diet or temperament.
All these characteristics are similar to the Pomeranian breed, only packed in a much smaller size. The only area that generally is a concern with these midget sized dogs, is their health. Because when a dog is bred in a way that makes it smaller than it should be, health concerns are bound to arise.
These dogs are members of the Spitz family, and were originally bred to look like their current form in Pomerania, Germany. These active and playful dogs make for great companions. In fact, they pack a surprising amount of energy considering their size.
From the Arctic, these dogs were brought to Germany and from there, during the mid-18th century, they were introduced throughout the European continent. Their next destination was the United Kingdom, where they gained immense popularity because of their diminutive size and evident 'cuteness'. Besides, they also had a royal connection!

General Information


-Pomeranians are approximately 7-12 inches in height and about 5-9 lbs in weight, while fully grown teacup Pomeranians weight not more than 5 lbs, and are less than 11 inches in height.
-A wedge-shaped head is accompanied by pointed ears.
-The snout is short but sharp. The tail is flat and plumed and set high.
-They have 2 coats. A soft, thick undercoat and a rough outer coat. The undercoat is shed twice annually.
-They come in a wide variety of colors such as black, brown, white, blue, etc.


Pomeranians are very active and playful dogs. They are natural watchdogs and also good companion dogs. They enjoy their owner's lap and love to be pampered. Loneliness can be a problem, as they tend to suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for long periods.
Other than that, these dogs are also:

On the flip side though, sometimes they can be:
Territorially defensive
Prone to excessive barking

Grooming requirements

Pomeranians have a thick double coat. Therefore, they require daily attention and care. Regular grooming of the Pomeranians will help keep their coats shiny, soft, fluffy and tangle-free.
If their brushing and cleaning is neglected, then they may suffer from various skin problems. Neglecting brushing can make their coat matted and tangled, making grooming more difficult. To avoid all this, the following basic things need to be kept in mind:
- Their coat needs daily combing and brushing.
- Their nails need to be clipped regularly.
- Teeth require regular brushing to prevent gum and tooth decay.
- Ears need to be cleaned with an ear cleansing solution once every two weeks, to prevent ear mites.
- If shedding is becoming a concern, their coat may need trimming twice or thrice annually.


Pomeranians need to be given the proper training so that they become pleasant, obedient and delightful companions. Pomeranians are pretty quick witted, and if trained with reward-based teaching methods, they respond quickly and pick up commands easily.
While training them, it is important to keep in mind their attention span and work accordingly. Praise, encouragement and rewards will yield better and faster results than punishments.

Exercise requirements

Although teacup Pomeranians are tiny dogs, they need plenty of exercise which they get by running around in the house. They also love going for long walks, so be sure to take your pet out for a walk regularly.

Health Issues

Pomeranians live a little longer than other breeds because of their small size. Their average life span is 13-15 years. They are susceptible to a number of health problems such as:
Skin infections and diseases (specially Black Skin Disease)
Heart conditions
Eye infections and knee problems
Early loss of teeth
Tracheal collapse
Luxating patella
Merle dogs have their own set of problems in addition to this, like ametropia, intraocular pressure, colobomas, microphthalmia, and deafness. So, you need to be very careful about your dog's health.

Legal and Ethical Issues

Although the human mind has somehow programmed itself to associate almost all things tiny to being cute, or adorable, it is not advisable to take anything and everything, and make it small, while compromising on other vital aspects!
The whole concept of teacup Pomeranians has a lot of people fuming. Normal Pomeranians are around 11 inches in height, and weigh 6-8 lbs on average. That is already SMALL! Improper breeding with smaller Pomeranians is wrong because it compromises on their health.
Females, specially, face difficulty in giving birth because of their small size, and deaths due to delivery complications are on the rise. 'Backyard breeding' is the term used by antagonists. If you go to any forums, you will find them strongly advocating against this practice.
The rest is up to an individual's personal opinion. Also, making the most of this rage are breeders who advertise their Pomeranian puppies as teacup puppies, as there is no way to determine what size the puppy will grow to.
Incredible though it may seem, the predecessors of the Pomeranians (and teacup Pomeranians) that we know today, were actually working dogs! Which means they were pretty big! It must have been some journey, from large to teacup!
Due to their small size, teacup Pomeranians make perfect pets for small houses and apartments. If you have small children in your house, then they should be taught how to handle the teacup Pomeranian so that it is not injured.
Spend enough time with your dog and give it ample amount of love. With proper attention that covers nutrition, hygiene and health-related issues, you can keep your adorable companion happy and healthy for a long time.

 Reshma Jirage