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Allergy Symptoms in Dogs

Shrinivas Kanade Jul 22, 2020
An observant pet owner can notice allergy symptoms in their dog and can save the pet from a lot of discomfort. Read some more information on the symptoms and the types of allergies.
The environment in which your pet is living can influence the quality of its life. Constant chewing and scratching can indicate symptoms of an allergy in your dog. It should warn you that something has drastically changed.
Like humans, dogs can also contract different allergies because of the things they come in contact with. The symptoms can be as follows.

★ Loss of hair accompanied with a lot of dandruff.

★ Dry and itchy skin, which is the cause of the dog's constant scratching.

★ Red and itchy ears, which the dog may be scratching constantly.
★ Dull and lackluster coat.

★ Desperate chewing on self, in one particular spot, to the extent of causing sores in that place.

★ Vomiting or diarrhea due to upset stomach.

Causes of Allergies

Your pet, if affected by any allergy, may exhibit one or a combination of the symptoms listed earlier. There is no standalone cause for all of these symptoms, but rather there are a number of causes. Even food items such as chicken can give your dog an allergy.
On the other hand, there are some causes such as airborne pollen etc., which you cannot prevent your dog from coming in contact with. All of these things together make it difficult to spot the cause of your dog's problem. You may have to use a trial and error method to deduce and come to the conclusion of what is causing these symptoms.

Food Allergy

The food contents that are part of your dog's daily diet may be the culprit. It is found that 10-15% of dog skin conditions have food allergies to blame. Like humans, your dog may be allergic to corn or wheat, which are added to the dog food in order to provide it with its fiber content.
Alternatively, food items such as protein sources like chicken, eggs, fish, pork, and beef, have been identified as a cause. Dairy products along with the oats or soy content in the food are known to cause allergies. The most prominent symptoms are itching, redness, and swelling.

Allergies Due to Pests

It is very common to find fleas on dogs. These fleas live off the dog's blood. While sucking your dog's blood, these parasites inject saliva into the bloodstream, which functions as an anticoagulant and makes the fleas' task easier. However, some dogs are allergic to the chemicals present in this saliva.
The allergy symptoms that may appear because of this are itching, redness, and swelling. Hair loss which occurs is mostly because of your dog scratching to relieve itself of some of the itch. Round red patches may form in the areas where the dog has lost its hair.

Allergy Causing Micro-organisms

One of the causes of these symptoms are micro-organisms such as bacteria. Generally, many species of bacteria, especially staphylococcus species, are present on dogs. Sometimes, when the conditions are favorable, these bacteria proliferate and give your pet a cause to worry. The symptoms in this case are hair loss and ringworm-like patterns on the skin.

Other Causes of Allergies

The rest of the causes include inhalants which are almost impossible to control. These are present in the air your dog is breathing. These allergens may include mold, dust particles, pollens, or chemicals. The cause is mostly seasonal and you may have to take the advice of a vet.
One other thing which may trouble your dog is a contact allergy. The cause may include a topical medicine you may be using to treat your dog for something entirely different.
Your dog's collar, bedding, or the new paint you have put in your house may also be responsible. You may observe that because of this form of allergy, your dog's skin is itchy and there are small pus-filled welts along with the reddened skin.
There are many different types of objects which can come under this category. Pests such as fleas are difficult to get rid of completely, but the task is not impossible. While at it, take care of treating the kennel as well.
It is important for you to provide proper care to alleviate the problems in your dog by taking help of available treatment. If your dog is having a bacterial infection, then the treatment is available in the form of antibiotics.
In case of contact allergies, changing your dog's sleeping place or bedding or taking off its collar may help. If food is the cause, it can be tackled by trying different diets. As a first line of treatment, you may like to use the time-tested and trusted oatmeal shampoo to wash your dog using cool water.
Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids may be used as anti-inflammatory agents. If these home remedies fail to provide relief to your pet, consult the vet, who may prescribe medications to lessen and control the extent of reaction to the allergens.